An effective method for measuring the circumference is to wrap a string around the object and then measure the string, or to use flexible measuring tapes. To ensure accuracy, care should be taken to keep the string taut when measuring the circular object. ... Explain that each group has found an approximation for the ratio of the circumference ...

The equation is applicable to nominal pipe sizes of 2 in. (50 mm) and larger; diameter ratios (β) of 0.10–0.75, provided that the orifice plate bore diameter (d r) is greater than 0.45 in. (11.4 mm); and the pipe Reynolds numbers (Re D) are greater than or equal to 4000.For diameter ratios and pipe Reynolds numbers below the limit stated, additional uncertainty needs to be considered.

Length to Diameter Ratio. When establishing a longitudinal magnetic field in component using a coil or cable wrap, the ratio of its length (in the direction of the desired field) to its diameter or thickness must be taken into consideration. ... First, remember that the effective field extends a …

The equivalent diameter is the diameter of a circular duct or pipe that for equal flow gives the same pressure loss or resistance as an equivalent rectangular duct or pipe. A round shape results in lower pressure drops and less fan horsepower to move the air and, consequently, smaller equipment.

Nov 27, 2017· We usually say the magnetic length/effective pole diameter (L/D) is not suitable when we explain to customers that the design of the size of a product is unreasonable. Now, let me explain what L/D is. L/D is the ratio of the length of magnetization direction of a magnet (L) to the diameter of the magnetization surface (D).

Jul 30, 2015· Tire Diameter = 2 x (9.25 x .60) + 15 Tire Diameter = 2 x 5.55 + 15 Tire Diameter = 26.1 inches (round down to 26) Calculating Effective Drive Ratio. Once you determine the diameter of your old tires and potential replacements, you can compare the effect of new tires on the final drive ratio.

Dec 21, 2015· Yes, its true that the effective diameter is APPROXIMATELY between the major and mean diameters. And this line intersects the flank in such a way such that the width of the threads and the spaces between the threads during their engagement is same, In this case it makes a PERFECT thread.

An effective method for measuring the circumference is to wrap a string around the object and then measure the string, or to use flexible measuring tapes. To ensure accuracy, care should be taken to keep the string taut when measuring the circular object. ... Explain that each group has found an approximation for the ratio of the circumference ...

Length to Diameter Ratio. When establishing a longitudinal magnetic field in component using a coil or cable wrap, the ratio of its length (in the direction of the desired field) to its diameter or thickness must be taken into consideration. ... First, remember that the effective field extends a …

Jul 17, 2009· One of the parameters which affect the uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) of rock materials is the length to diameter ratio (L/D) of test cores. ASTM recommends a ratio of between 2 and 2.5, and ISRM suggests 2.5–3:1. Research has shown that high UCS values are obtained for L/D ratios <2, a very slight difference in values between 2 and 2.5, and they remain effectively constant with a …

Jul 30, 2015· Tire Diameter = 2 x (9.25 x .60) + 15 Tire Diameter = 2 x 5.55 + 15 Tire Diameter = 26.1 inches (round down to 26) Calculating Effective Drive Ratio. Once you determine the diameter of your old tires and potential replacements, you can compare the effect of new tires on the final drive ratio.

Dec 01, 2015· The value of effective pile length under different Poisson ratios of soil when the value of pile diameter is 1.3 m (d = 1.3 m) is shown in Fig. 5.The value of effective pile length under the different pile diameters when the value of the Poisson ratio of soil is 0.3 (μ = 0.3) is shown in Fig. 6.The abscissa is the 10 −4 times of the ratio of pile elastic modulus E p and soil share modulus G.

using a 22.5” diameter sheave versus a 12” diameter sheave: Ratio B = 22.5” (sheave diameter) 3/4” (wire rope diameter) = 30 Ratio B = 12” (sheave diameter) 3/4” (wire rope diameter) = 16 The relative fatigue bending life for a ratio B of 16 is 2.1 (see above Table) and ratio B of 30 is 10. Relative Fatigue 10 Bending Life = 2.1

The New Gear box will show the ideal gear ratio (getting as close to stock as possible). If you want a bit more power, for rock crawling, go with something closer to the Lo Gear number. Also, the Effective Ratio box shows your adjusted gear ratio if you choose to keep your original gears.

Apr 20, 2019· The gear ratio i=d2/d1. d1 and d2 refer to the reference diameters of 2 mating gears (gear 1 is the driving gear, and gear 2 is the driven gear). The reference circle is located somewhere between the tip and bottom of the teeth, usually it is where the tooth thickness equals to the spacing, but this is not always the case (we will talk about ...

In architecture, the slenderness ratio, or simply slenderness is the quotient between the height and the width of a building.. In structural engineering, slenderness is a measure of the propensity of a column to buckle.It is defined as / where is the effective length of the column and is the least radius of gyration, the latter defined by = / where is the area of the cross-section of the ...

Sep 23, 2016· Thanka for A2A. I think this will help: For more queries, Brake System Design Calculations

Jul 28, 2009· RE: Most economical Height/Diameter ratio - Field Fabbed Tanks JStephen (Mechanical) 28 Jul 09 22:33 To complicate it all, if you evaluate the cost of different proportions of identical tanks, the tank of lowest cost will depend on which fabricator builds it.

Threaded Hole / Fastener Ratio: Open - ISO Thread / Fastener Ratio and Length Calculator This assumes that the male and female thread materials have the same strength. If the Female Material strength is lower i.e. J as calculated below is greater than 1 then the length of engagement must be increased to prevent the female thread stripping

The pitch diameter (often called the effective diameter) of a parallel thread is the diameter of the imaginary co-axial cylinder which intersects the surface of the thread in such a manner that the intercept on a generator of the cylinder, between the points where it meets the opposite flanks of a thread groove, is equal to half the nominal pitch of the thread.

Usually as a result of color correction, design software will tend to favor thin lenses with high diameter:center-thickness ratios. If kept below 10:1, the diameter:center-thickness ratio rarely affects cost. When the ratio approaches 15:1, costs begin to rise for low power lenses with longer radii, as well as for meniscus lenses.

Jul 30, 2015· Tire Diameter = 2 x (9.25 x .60) + 15 Tire Diameter = 2 x 5.55 + 15 Tire Diameter = 26.1 inches (round down to 26) Calculating Effective Drive Ratio. Once you determine the diameter of your old tires and potential replacements, you can compare the effect of new tires on the final drive ratio.

Jul 17, 2009· One of the parameters which affect the uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) of rock materials is the length to diameter ratio (L/D) of test cores. ASTM recommends a ratio of between 2 and 2.5, and ISRM suggests 2.5–3:1. Research has shown that high UCS values are obtained for L/D ratios <2, a very slight difference in values between 2 and 2.5, and they remain effectively constant with a …

Dec 01, 2015· The value of effective pile length under different Poisson ratios of soil when the value of pile diameter is 1.3 m (d = 1.3 m) is shown in Fig. 5.The value of effective pile length under the different pile diameters when the value of the Poisson ratio of soil is 0.3 (μ = 0.3) is shown in Fig. 6.The abscissa is the 10 −4 times of the ratio of pile elastic modulus E p and soil share modulus G.

using a 22.5” diameter sheave versus a 12” diameter sheave: Ratio B = 22.5” (sheave diameter) 3/4” (wire rope diameter) = 30 Ratio B = 12” (sheave diameter) 3/4” (wire rope diameter) = 16 The relative fatigue bending life for a ratio B of 16 is 2.1 (see above Table) and ratio B of 30 is 10. Relative Fatigue 10 Bending Life = 2.1

Circumference to Diameter Calculator. Circumference of a circle is defined as the distance around it. It is calculated just by multiplying the diameter of the circle with π value. The diameter of a circle is known as the straight line segment which passes through the center of the circle. This is also known as the longest chord of the circle.

The New Gear box will show the ideal gear ratio (getting as close to stock as possible). If you want a bit more power, for rock crawling, go with something closer to the Lo Gear number. Also, the Effective Ratio box shows your adjusted gear ratio if you choose to keep your original gears.

Apr 20, 2019· The gear ratio i=d2/d1. d1 and d2 refer to the reference diameters of 2 mating gears (gear 1 is the driving gear, and gear 2 is the driven gear). The reference circle is located somewhere between the tip and bottom of the teeth, usually it is where the tooth thickness equals to the spacing, but this is not always the case (we will talk about ...

The pitch diameter (often called the effective diameter) of a parallel thread is the diameter of the imaginary co-axial cylinder which intersects the surface of the thread in such a manner that the intercept on a generator of the cylinder, between the points where it meets the opposite flanks of a thread groove, is equal to half the nominal pitch of the thread.

In architecture, the slenderness ratio, or simply slenderness is the quotient between the height and the width of a building.. In structural engineering, slenderness is a measure of the propensity of a column to buckle.It is defined as / where is the effective length of the column and is the least radius of gyration, the latter defined by = / where is the area of the cross-section of the ...

Threaded Hole / Fastener Ratio: Open - ISO Thread / Fastener Ratio and Length Calculator This assumes that the male and female thread materials have the same strength. If the Female Material strength is lower i.e. J as calculated below is greater than 1 then the length of engagement must be increased to prevent the female thread stripping

This page is a Differential Gear Ratio Chart for comparing tire size to axle gear ratio and the combined effect on power and fuel economy. About this Engine RPM / Tire Size chart: The following chart of Tire sizes and axle gear ratios are meant to give a general idea of the relationship between the differential gear ratio and the tire size and ...

For a Gaussian beam, that effective beam radius is smaller than the Gaussian beam radius by a factor square root of 2. The beam diameter is generally defined as twice the beam radius – no matter what the particular definition of beam radius is. For Gaussian beams, the FWHM beam diameter is 1.18 times the Gaussian beam radius (1/e 2 value).

The gender-ratio equation for the effective population size is as follows: N e = 4 * N f * N m / (N f + N m) where N f and N m are the respective numbers of females and males within a given population. If the census count is denoted by P and the number of males and females is equal; that is, N f = N m = P/2, the effective population size would ...

Hydraulic diameter can be calculated with the generic equation. d h = 4 A / p (1) where. d h = hydraulic diameter (m, ft) A = area section of the duct or pipe (m 2, ft 2) p = "wetted" perimeter of the duct or pipe (m, ft) Note! - inches are commonly used in the Imperial unit system. Hydraulic Diameter …